Emissions are a complete joke. At the end of this year in Vancouver Canada they are getting rid of it because the newer vehicles run so clean. They need to start doing emissions on some of these piece of crap semi trucks on the road.
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NY has two different sets of inspections. Emissions, and safety. Safety is on vehicles 1995 AND older, and vehicles made within 1 year of the current year. For example, since it's 2014, vehicles made in 2014 AND 2013 are safety inspections only. And next year in 2015, vehicles 2014 and 2015 vehicles will be safety inspections while 2013 now need to be tested for emissions.
Safety inspections include suspension components, lights, tires, brakes, horn, wipers, seatbelts, gas tank caps (unless capless), windshield glass, and mirrors, serpentine beltz, looking for power steering or brake fluid leaks, and things of that nature.
Emissions portion of inspections are ensuring the vehicle has catalytic converters, charcoal cans if equipped from factory, thermostatic air cleaners, stuff of that nature. ASWELL AS, plugging the vehicle into the NYVIP2 system that reads the engine for monitors ready, or not. Including KOEO, and KOER.
It's either a safety inspection, or a safety and emissions inspection. There is no solely emissions inspection.